Singapore

CURRENCY
SND

FISCAL YEAR
1st April – 31st March

MIN. WAGE
N/A but exceptions (see below)

WORKING CONDITIONS
See conditions below

PAY FREQUENCY
Monthly

Employment & Payroll

It is advisable to have a written Employment Agreement (also known as Appointment Letter) where the employee and employer agree on specific terms and conditions of the employment.

Salaries are paid on monthly basis. Salaries are paid at the end of each month.

Minimum Wage

There is no minimum wage/salary in Singapore. However, two exceptions were made recently:

  1. Cleaner jobs to have a minimum wage of $1,000/month effective Jan 2014.
  2. Security guards to have a minimum wage of $1,100/month effective Sept 2016

HR & Labour

Working Hours: Employees can work no more than 44 hours per week and 8 hours per day. Employees are not allowed to work more than 6 hours without receiving a break

Immigration

The work visas issued to foreign employees are called “Employment Pass”. The EP is given for 1-2 years and can be renewed afterwards. The application must be filled by the employing company.

Statutory Payments

CPF: Contribution depends on age group and income amount. For age 55 and below, employer contributes 17% with monthly contribution ceiling of $1020 and employee contributes 20% with monthly contribution ceiling of $1,200.

SDL: To contribute SDL for all your employees up to the first $4,500 of each employee’s total monthly wages at a levy rate of 0.25% or a minimum of $2 (for total wages of $800 or less), whichever is higher.

Worker’s Compensation

WICA covers any employee who is under a contract of service regardless of salary. However, it doesn’t cover below group of staff:

  • Independent contractors and self-employed
  • Uniformed Personnel like Singapore Police Force, Singapore Civil Defence Force, etc.

Employer needs to get WICA insurance for all employees doing manual work as well as all employees earning less than 1,600 a month.

For other employees, employer has a flexibility to decide whether to buy insurance for them. However, if those employees make a valid claim, employer will have to compensate them regardless of whether they are insured.

Leave Entitlements

There are different types of leave under Singapore Employment Act depend on the eligibility and entitlement.

Example of Leave Types:

  • Annual Leave
  • Sick Leave
  • Hospitalization Leave
  • Childcare Leave
  • Maternity Leave
  • Paternity Leave
  • Shared Parental Leave
  • Unpaid Infant Care Leave
  • Adoption Leave

Terminations

Either the employer or employee can terminate the contract of service by giving an advance notice in writing to each party as stated in the terms of contract. If either the employer or employee decide to terminate without notice, the initiate party will have to pay salary-in-lieu of notice. This is money equivalent to the salary that you would have earned during the required notice period.

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